Krone Krone

Faro, cathedral

Faro (Portugal), Cathedral
Faro (Portugal), Cathedral

Arp Schnitger and Johann Heinrich Hullenkamp (Joâo Henriques Hulemcampo) 1715-16

State of preservation: Enlarged by Caetano Oldovini in 1767 (case enlarged, new wind chest, horizontal trumpets)

The main port of the Algarve  obviously had intensive international trade relations; so the presence of an organ from northern Germany in Faro cathedral is less surprising than it might appear on first sight.

In 1964 Gustav Fock had researched, that Arp Schnitger had delivered two organs of 12 stops on 2 manuals each to Portugal in 1701, showing close links of Schnitger's workshop to Portugal. The organ in Faro was built by Schnitger's journeyman Johann Heinrich Hullenkamp, recorded in two contracts of  1715/16, obviously using materials from the home workshop. Hullenkamp had been working in the franciscan abbey in Lisbon in 1711 and the carmel in 1722.

During the restoration of the organ in Mariana (Brasil), it had been thoroughly compared with the instrument in Faro, with interesting results:

• Both organs have been built by the same maker
• The Mariana organ has not been changed, and had approximately the same size as Faro.
Even after Olovini the Faro instrument shows Hullenkamp's concept.

Specifications 1983







inscriptions 1983

Contrabaixo 24 (O)

Flautado 12 tap (S)

Flautado 24 (O)

Flautado 8'

Flautado 12 ab(S)

Flautado 12 (H)

Voz humana (O)


Faluta em oitava (S)

Bordao (H)

Voz angelica 4'

Oitava real (S)

Oitavo real (H)

Realejo em quinta

Dozena (S)

Quinta real (H)

Quinzena (S)

Quintadecima (H)

Forte em quinta

Cheio a 3 (15,19,22) (S)

Cheio 4 filas (O)


Cheio a 2 (12,15) (S)

Cheio 2 filas Bass (H)

Corneta 5 filas Diskant (O)

Tarrecas (?)

Trombeta real (S)

Trombeta real (H)

Voz humana belica Bass (S)

Trombeta de marcha Bass (O)

Voz humana belica Diskant (S)

Clarim Diskant (O)



Cromorne 8'

Flautado 12 tap (S)

Flautado 12 (H)

Voz celeste 4'

Flautado 6 tap (S)

Flautado 6 (H)


Flautim Diskant (S)

Flautilha Diskant (H)


Quinzena (S)

Decimaquinte (H)

Forte em quinta

Dezanovena (S)

Decimanona (H)

Forte nos agudos

Vintdozena (S)

Vigesima segunda (H)

Cheio em 3a e 5a

Cheio a 2 (12,17) (S)

Cornetilha 2/3 (H,O)


Cheio a 2 (12,17) (S)

Cheio 2/3 (O)

O: Oldovini, H: Hulemcampo, S: Schnitger

Q: L.A. Esteves Pereira, Two more Arp Schnitgers in Portugal? In: Organ Yearbook 1983.

Interview mit Bernhardt Edskes in: Brochure Stichting Groningen Orgelland - 350 jaar Arp Schnitger.


© Greifenberger Institut für Musikinstrumentenkunde |